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Sigiriya, The Rock Fortress in Sri Lanka

What is Sigiriya rock?

Sigiriya is a rock fortress in Sri Lanka, known for its unique is a large rock shelter in the central hills of the ancient city of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

Sigiriya was built during the reign of King Kassapa I (247-211 BC), and it was built as a palace for him. The name “Sigiriya” means “lion’s peak”. Sigiriya is also known as Lion Rock and the entrance was originally carved out of a massive lion. Sadly, only the feet remain today. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Sri Lanka.

Sigiriya has been called a “miniature world” by UNESCO, and it is one of the best-preserved ancient cities in Asia.

Why Is It Famous?

Sigiriya is a rock fortress in Sri Lanka. It is one of the most famous ancient ruins in the country. Sigiriya is also an important place to visit for Buddhist pilgrims and tourists. Sigiriya Rock has become famous because it has a lot of ancient ruins at its base. The place also houses one of the most elaborate frescoes in the world, which depicts scenes from the Ramayana. Sigiriya rock has been a popular tourist attraction since the time it was discovered. It attracts visitors due to its unique structure and history.

The History of Sigiriya rock

Sigiriya is a rock fortress in the center of Sri Lanka, which was built by King Kashyapa I in the 3rd century BC. It was used as a palace. Sigiriya is one of the most famous monuments in Sri Lanka and it has been mentioned in many ancient texts. The story goes that when King Kashyapa I was building Sigiriya, he fell asleep while working on it and had a dream that an angel descended from heaven to help him build it. When he woke up, he found that his work had been completed without any effort on his part.

The history and importance of Sigiriya can be seen from its inclusion on UNESCO’s World Heritage Site list since 1980. Sigiriya was originally a small rock hill surrounded by an artificial moat. The king built a palace on top of the hill, which would later be expanded into a fortress. The archaeological remains of this ancient city are still intact today and managed by the Department of Archaeology and National Museums of Sri Lanka.

What’s There to See?


There is a reason to climb from the bottom to the top. There you can see what is in Sigiriya in order.

Water Gardens

At the foot of Sigiriya is a water park with gravitational springs that are incredibly over 1,600 years old! To this day, it is not possible to find that technology.


Sigiriya Murals is a collection of murals on the walls of the Sigiriya Rock Fortress in Sri Lanka. They were created by King Kassapa I. Its most popular is the female figure in the bed. Murals have deteriorated over time due to natural processes such as erosion and weather, as well as human intervention by tourists to cut their fingers or remove the ground with knives or spoons. To date, they have been preserved.

Mirror Wall

This section of the climb to the top is called ‘The King’s Mirror’ because it used to be so shiny that the King could see himself in its reflection. In fact, it’s covered with inscriptions from visitors to Sigiriya that were happening over a thousand years ago – but this has now been made illegal.

Lion’s paws

At the northern end of the rock, a narrow pathway emerges on to the large platform and derives its name – Sigiriya (from sinha-giri) means ‘Lion Rock’. HCP Bell, one of the most influential archaeologists of his day, found these two enormous lion paws in Sri Lanka when excavating here in 1898. One time a huge brick lion sat at this end of the rock, and the final ascent to the top began with a staircase that led between the lion’s paws and into its mouth. Lion symbolism is a way for Buddhists to remember and connect with Buddha. To remind those ascending the rock that Buddha was Sakya-Sinha, who was LION of the SAKYA clan.

The hike up to Sigiriya is over 1,200 steps and includes a combination of old stone steps, metal walkways, a spiral staircase and metal staircase built into the side of the main entrance of Lions’ Feet. Many people who climb the final part of the spiral stairs up to the fresco covered. Try to schedule time for doing sunset at the summit – it makes the view even more spectacular and it’s a great way to finish a fun day of adventure in Sri Lanka.

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